The Australian Red Cross is helping to fund new mobile health clinics in Somaliland, as the area teeters on the brink of famine, Kirsty Johansen reports from Somaliland.
Amongst the rugged terrain of the Somaliland desert, in the Horn of Africa hundreds of pastoralist families pack into the small village of Wacays Dhukur, west of the capital Hargeisa.
The Omar family moved to the area five months ago. Drought has forced them to uproot 20 times in the past two years.
They started out with 300 goats, now they have just 50. Just two metres from their tent made of old clothes, carcasses litter the ground.
Father, Omar Abi Abdi, says his family has never suffered like this before.
“I’ve never seen a drought like this in my life,” he said. “We moved around with the animals but when we came here they all died.”
Mother, Canab Muse Adan, struggles to feed six children. They share a couple of handfuls of dry rice between them all each day.
She says her three-year-old son is currently fighting for his life in hospital and her two-year-old daughter passed away late last year.
“She had diarrhoea and died within three days,” Ms Adan said.
Luckily, the Red Cross mobile health clinic is in the area because overnight Canab’s youngest son, Abdi Omar Abi, fell sick.
He is screened by doctors for malnutrition.
Australian Red Cross Response Manager, Jess Lees, says the clinics are saving lives in rural areas across Somaliland, by travelling to places where there’s no medical facilities available.
“Millions of people face the risk of famine. Australian Red Cross is supporting these mobile health units and are aiming to see them double over the next few months,” Ms Lees said.
At the mobile clinics, children’s height and weight are recorded and they are given basic medication if needed.
Head Medical Practitioner, Doctor Saleean Ibrarhim, says the clinic’s main priority is to treat the most vulnerable – children and women.
“We do all kinds of different vaccinations like polio, measles and also tetanus,” Dr Ibrarhim said.
If necessary, doctors can refer patients to the closest hospital. But medical facilities across Somaliland are at breaking point.
We visited the biggest acute malnutrition clinic, situated in the capital Hargeisa, where the situation is so desperate.
There are only 16 beds in the stabilisation centre, but five children are allowed to stay on mattresses on the floor.
Saynab Maxamed Ismaciil, aged 10 months, has been suffering from vomiting and diarrhoea for the past four months. She has lived off only milk since the day she was born.
It’s a race against the clock for doctors.
She’s monitored closely, weighing in at just a mere 5kg.
Her mother, Faadumo Ismail Dirie, says she’s worried she will die.
“At the beginning she got sick. She had vomiting and diarrhoea and now she’s anaemic. It depends on God. She might live or die,” Ms Dirie said.
Mothers travelled for days to reach this clinic, leaving behind dozens of other children.